Iolite is a uniquely coloured, affordable, and abundant mineral and yet it is still one of the lesser known and under appreciated gems.
Iolite is the trade name given to the blue/violet variety of Cordierite, a magnesium, aluminium silicate mineral. Fine Iolite can display a deep blue-violet through to a pale blue-violet colour with some more vivid stones challenging the likes of Tanzanite. This colour, derived from iron, is naturally occurring and cannot be enhanced by man unlike other blue hued rivals from inexpensive Blue Topaz through to the finest blue sapphires where treatments are often essential to alter colour and clarity to a more desirable and saleable level. The lack of consistency with Iolite’s colour and with no current treatments available to correct it is possibly a contributing factor to its lack of popularity within the industry.
Unearthed in metamorphic and igneous rocks, Iolite can be found in various locations around the world, Sir Lanka, India, Tanzania and Australia being the most prominent. With a hardness of 7 - 7.5 on MOH scale, our Iolite rings are suitable for daily wear as well as other forms of jewellery. It is often an affordable substitute for Tanzanite and Sapphire jewellery when rich colour and clarity are present. Although eye-clean stones can be found, they are becoming harder to find in larger carat sizes, so it’s typical to find eye-visible healed fractures in stones over 5 carats. Quite often stones will contain numerous metallic, plate-like inclusions of Hematite exhibit iridescence and, on occasion, may present a glittering aventurescence reminiscent of Sunstone (a gorgeous red-orange glittery variety of Feldspar).
As delicious as this sheen maybe it is Iolite’s striking, eye visible pleochroism that really gets my heart fluttering. Pleochroism refers to a crystal’s ability to display different colours depending on the crystals axis it is viewed from. This optical phenomenon results in ‘differential selective absorption’ (where wavelengths of white light are absorbed differently due to a crystal’s internal chemical structure). Iolite is an orthorhombic crystal and displays trichroism, meaning it displays three different colours from three different crystal axes. A stone that displays two different colours would be described as ‘dichroic’ (e.g.: sapphire). These pleochroic colours differ depending on the body colour of the stone. Iolites that appears violet shows light violet, dark violet, and yellow-brown. More bluish toned Iolites show colourless to yellow, blue-grey, and dark violet. Not only is this magical display of light an important method in identifying Iolite but also a fun-fact to share (and show) our clients interested our iolite gemstone jewellery collection.
Another fun-fact regarding this gem; according to Norse legend Vikings were said to have used slices of Iolite as a polarizing filter which they held up to the sky to help locate the sun on a cloudy day out at sea.
The name Iolite originates from the Greek word “ios” meaning violet. Other names such as ‘Water Sapphire’ and ‘Dichroite’ have been used in the past, both in reflection to Iolites pleochroic properties. ‘Water Sapphire’, one that seems to have stuck, can be a misnomer that suggest Iolite is a different mineral altogether. It actually refers to stones appearing Sapphire-blue from one angle to water-clear from another. This particular quirk poses a challenge from gem cutters who need to ensure the strongest wavelength of light is visible through the table facet.
Bunny Bedi, owner and designer at Made in Earth, has also found the fickle flow of Iolite both a positive and negative. “Although Iolite is an abundant mineral, high quality stones suitable for faceting have become difficult to obtain at a fair price. In the meantime, we’ve embraced the uniquely included gems that showcase aventurescence and cut them into cabochons. Luckily, we currently have exquisite stones in calibrated sizes with excellent clarity, but larger faceted stones over 10mm tend to have surface reaching fractures and lack the brilliance of our smaller stones.”
Despite its fabulousness, Iolite is still an unfamiliar gemstone to most, overlooked because of unreliable and inconsistent availability in the market. It’s always good to embrace what you have to work with, and Iolite is no stranger to unique inclusions and party tricks. We highly recommended visiting one of our galleries to see first-hand how beautiful our Iolite pendant, ring and earring selection is, in person, you won’t regret it.
The title of “Gemologist” carries more than just knowledge and skills, it also suggests a person who is perpetually intrigued by the marvels of minerals and delicacy of crystallography and, I’d say, a fascination with the universe in general. Rocks and minerals leak a story of the past. As we study these million to billion-year-old specimens we can relive some of the conditions our planet has seen. More specifically, the microscopic investigation of inclusions in gemstones also tells a tale, where crystal has been, where it has come from and how old it is.
The Sikhote-Alin Meteorite is the largest observed meteorite fall in modern history. It is estimated that over 23,000kg fell that morning leaving behind 120 craters, the largest measuring 6 x 26 metres, with debris covering an elliptical area of 1.62km. The pre-atmospheric size of meteorite body was suggested to weigh over 1000 tonnes and more than 70 tonnes estimated to have reach the Earth’s surface. From this, 8,500 specimens have been collected, the largest weighing in at 1,725kg!
Kind of like a big-time celebrity who is notoriously private out of the public eye, Sapphire is one of those stones that absolutely everyone has heard about, but no one really knows anything about. “They’re the blue one’s, yeah?” Obviously not private in a Kardashian way, more like a Beyoncé situation. Yes, I just compared sapphires to Beyoncé; perhaps Kate (the Duchess of Cambridge) is more appropriate Bey is an Emerald girl after all.